In recent years, Uzbekistan has achieved significant results in the field of human rights protection. Today, the country has formed its own model of systematic and phased implementation of international human rights standards into national legislation and law enforcement practice.
Uzbekistan has joined more than 80 main international human rights instruments, including 6 main UN treaties and 4 Optional Protocols, on the implementation of which national reports are regularly submitted to various bodies of the UN human rights mechanism.
Uzbekistan and the UN – new facets and contours of cooperation
The UN and the Republic of Uzbekistan have an almost 30-year history of cooperation, which began from the moment our country joined the UN as a full member of this universal international organization on March 2, 1992.
It should be noted that within the framework of cooperation between Uzbekistan and the UN in the field of human rights, only over the past four years, very significant results have been achieved, which have not been achieved over the past 75 years.
The country is fruitfully cooperating with the UN and its specialized agencies in various areas: combating modern threats and security challenges; stabilization of the situation and reconstruction of Afghanistan; non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; solving environmental problems, in particular, mitigating the consequences of the Aral Sea tragedy; sustainable social and economic development; protection of human rights and freedoms, etc.
In recent years, as part of the implementation of the tasks of the Action Strategy in five priority areas of development in 2017-2021, Uzbekistan’s contacts with the UN have noticeably intensified. Our country has begun to more actively participate in the activities of the General Assembly and the UN specialized agencies.
In particular, visits to Uzbekistan by UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al-Hussein, UN Special Rapporteurs on freedom of religion or belief Ahmad Shaheed, as well as on the independence of judges and lawyers – Diego Garcia Sayan, Special Representative of the UN Secretary General, Head of the UN Regional Center for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia Natalia German and many other high-ranking representatives of the UN and its specialized structures. As a result of these visits and meetings, a number of plans of practical measures, “road maps” for the development of cooperation between Uzbekistan and the UN were adopted and are being implemented.
The UN system has significantly stepped up support to Uzbekistan in addressing a wide range of development issues in various areas, including health, education and social protection, preservation of cultural values, protection of natural resources and biodiversity, combating drug trafficking and the spread of HIV / AIDS.
A significant event was the participation of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the 72nd and 75th jubilee sessions of the UN General Assembly. Thanks to the new atmosphere of cooperation, Uzbekistan has become an active participant in processes in all spheres of UN activity, which has a positive effect on the relations of the member states to the republic.
All the initiatives put forward by Uzbekistan within the framework of the UN have found full support from the world community and today they make a significant practical contribution to ensuring universal peace, stability and sustainable development, and protecting human rights.
On the initiative of the leadership of Uzbekistan, three resolutions were developed and adopted within the framework of the UN General Assembly. In particular, on December 12, 2018, the UN General Assembly adopted a special resolution “Enlightenment and Religious Tolerance.” The document, the draft of which was developed by Uzbekistan and adopted in record time, was unanimously supported by all UN member states. The document was co-authored by over 50 countries of North and Latin America, Asia, Africa and other continents, which testifies to the high recognition by the international community of the relevance and timeliness of the initiative of the head of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
The elaboration of another General Assembly resolution on declaring the Aral Sea region a zone of environmental innovations and technologies and the Convention on the Rights of Youth for their further adoption within the framework of the UN continues.
In particular, in August 2020, under the auspices of the United Nations, the Samarkand Forum dedicated to the rights of youth was held. It discussed the draft Convention on the Rights of Youth prepared by Uzbekistan, adopted the Samarkand Resolution “Youth 2020: Global Solidarity, Sustainable Development and Human Rights”, which is presented as an official document of the 74th session of the UN General Assembly, posted in the system of official documents of the UN under number A / 74/998.
Uzbekistan highly appreciates the efforts of the UN human rights bodies to strengthen the protection of human rights around the world. And the protection of human rights is seen as one of the priorities of interaction with this universal international organization. For without ensuring human rights, it is impossible to solve the problems of socio-economic, political-legal and cultural-humanitarian development of states.
Uzbekistan maintains an active and constructive dialogue with statutory and treaty bodies, UN specialized agencies and special procedures of the UN Human Rights Council. Submits in a timely manner periodic reports on the implementation of the main international human rights treaties, as well as on the follow-up to the implementation of the recommendations of the treaty bodies (41 reports have been submitted to date).
Uzbekistan has developed national indicators for the implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. At the same time, the Action Strategy is a “road map” for the implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. At the High-Level Political Forum under the auspices of the UN Economic and Social Council, Uzbekistan presented the first Voluntary National Review on progress in the implementation of the SDGs.
A stable political system has been created in the country that meets modern criteria of democracy and human rights; legislative, executive and judicial authorities at all levels are actively working. Most importantly, respect for the principles of the rule of law is being established in Uzbek society, and a culture of human rights is being formed.
Uzbekistan was the first of the Central Asian states to create an effective system of national human rights institutions, which includes the Parliamentary Ombudsman, Children’s Ombudsman, Business Ombudsman and the National Center for Human Rights.
There has not been a planetary disaster of the magnitude of the COVID-19 pandemic in the past hundred years. By the end of 2020, more than 85 million people have become infected with coronavirus worldwide, of whom over 1.8 million have died. The pandemic provoked a global economic crisis, which causes the global economy a monthly loss of $ 400 billion.From the first days of COVID-19 detection in Uzbekistan all efforts and resources of the state were aimed at implementing effective measures to prevent the wide spread of the pandemic, protect the life and health of citizens, reduce the negative impact of the pandemic on sustainable socio-economic development, and establish cooperation with international partners.
Trying to protect their populations from the threat of coronavirus, the governments of almost all countries of the world are faced with the problem of maintaining the normal functioning of the economy and society in conditions of social isolation, which is the main protective measure to combat the spread of infection.
At the same time, special attention was paid to the implementation of the recommendations of the international community in the person of the UN and other international organizations to ensure the observance of human rights in the adoption of state measures to combat the threat to public health in the context of the COVID-19 virus pandemic. In particular, taking measures to protect the right to life and health and ensure access to health care for all who need it, without any discrimination, paying special attention to vulnerable groups of the population, including the elderly, persons with disabilities, women, migrants, homeless.
Based on the study of the international legal framework, advanced foreign and domestic experience in the legal regulation of human rights and freedoms in a state of emergency, epidemics and pandemics, over 50 laws, decrees and resolutions of the President in this area have been adopted in Uzbekistan in a short period of time.
They are aimed at limiting the likelihood of infection of people, containing and preventing the wide spread of coronavirus infection in Uzbekistan, supporting medical workers and workers of the sanitary and epidemiological service involved in countering the spread of coronavirus infection, supporting the sanitary and epidemiological well-being and safety of the population, meeting the needs of people and medical institutions. in medicines, medical products, medical equipment and essential goods, targeted social protection of citizens, active support of the economy and entrepreneurs.
The activities of the Special Republican Commission for the Prevention of the Importation and Spread of Coronavirus, headed by the Prime Minister, have been organized. All regions were divided into color zones – “red” (the most dangerous), “yellow” and “green” (free from the virus), which determine the level of danger of the spread of COVID-19, but also the list of restrictions introduced on their territory. An Anti-Crisis Fund in the amount of 10 trillion soums was established, which was used to financially support the health care system, social infrastructure, population and enterprises. In general, systemic measures taken promptly and in a timely manner made it possible to prevent the widespread spread of the COVID-19 coronavirus, to ensure sustainable social and economic development of the country.
National Strategy of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Human Rights
For the first time in the history of the country, the National Strategy of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Human Rights was adopted with broad international participation. The national strategy is important in improving the mechanism for protecting human rights and building a culture of human rights. This document specifically shows the ways of a systematic approach to the issue of human rights, eliminating the existing vacuum and shortcomings.
Uzbekistan complies with international obligations and one of the striking examples is the work on the continuation of the implementation of the “Habeas Corpus” procedure, aimed at strengthening judicial control during the investigation. Criminal punishment in the form of arrest has been abolished in favor of the application of types of punishment not related to imprisonment, the detention of persons suspected of committing a crime has been reduced from 72 to 48 hours, the use of preventive measures in the form of detention, house arrest, preliminary investigation from 1 year up to 7 months, a separate criminal liability has been introduced for falsifying evidence. In accordance with the recommendations of international organizations, the Zhaslyk colony in Karakalpakstan was closed.
Priority attention is paid to deepening reforms in the judicial and legal sphere, as a result of which concrete measures were taken to implement international standards in the field of judicial independence and protection of the right to a fair trial. In particular, strict liability has been established for the use of information obtained by illegal methods as evidence for the prosecution.
Local public commissions have been established to study the personal and professional qualities of candidates for the office of a judge. To ensure fairness, openness and transparency in the consideration of cases in courts, a system of electronic distribution of cases has been introduced, as well as to reduce costs and bureaucratic red tape, the systems of “electronic criminal case” and “remote interrogation” are being introduced.
The powers of lawyers in ensuring the rights and freedoms of citizens have been expanded. Lawyers are given the right to take measures for pre-trial settlement of disputes, reconciliation of the parties, and also act as an arbitrator. The role of the Chamber of Advocates has been significantly increased. Henceforth, draft normative legal acts on issues related to advocacy and legal proceedings are subject to mandatory approval by the Chamber of Advocates, and the Chairman of the Chamber of Advocates has the right to participate in meetings of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis to discuss draft laws.
In general, the innovations envisaged in the framework of the judicial and legal reform expanded the guarantees of citizens’ access to justice, created conditions for strengthening the independence and independence of the courts as an essential component of the formation and democratization of society.
The country is actively working to strengthen the socio-political status of women in the framework of an active gender policy. At the 75th jubilee session of the UN General Assembly, the head of Uzbekistan noted: “Gender policy has become a priority issue for us. The role of women in public administration is increasing. The number of women deputies in the new parliament has doubled”.
As a result of the last elections to the Oliy Majlis, for the first time, the UN recommendations on the number of women (at least 30 percent) in the parliament of Uzbekistan were fully implemented. Election to the Legislative Chamber of 32 percent, that is, 48 women, secured Uzbekistan 46th place among 190 parliaments of the world.
Over the past 4 years, the country has adopted two important laws – “On guarantees of equal rights and opportunities for women and men” and “On the protection of women from oppression and violence.” In 2020 alone, 15 normative legal acts were adopted aimed at increasing the role of women in government and society, ensuring their employment, and supporting women in need.
At the initiative of the head of state, education opportunities for girls from socially vulnerable sectors of society have been further expanded, with 4 percent of state grants allocated to higher educational institutions. On the basis of this new system, 950 girls of this category were admitted to universities. All ministries and departments have established advisory councils on gender equality issues.
The Commission on Ensuring Gender Equality of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Senate Committee of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Women and Gender Equality are actively working. In his Address to Parliament, the President put the creation of the Republican Public Women’s Council as an issue on the agenda.
These facts indicate that women in Uzbekistan have a firm place in society. Consequently, one of the priority directions of a fair policy pursued by the President is the comprehensive provision of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of women and youth.
The issue of youth is indeed an important factor in the development of the new Uzbekistan. A vivid confirmation of this is the fact that in the last parliamentary elections 9 deputies under the age of 30 were elected to the Legislative Chamber. Today, young people make up 6 percent of the deputies in the lower house of parliament, while in the world this figure is only 2 percent.
It is no coincidence that from the rostrum of the 75th, jubilee, session of the UN General Assembly, the head of our state once again called on everyone to support the initiative of Uzbekistan to adopt the UN Convention on the Rights of Youth. The draft convention is highly appreciated by the world community. Thus, at the Samarkand Forum on Human Rights held in 2020, many positive opinions were expressed about the draft Convention.
Uzbekistan not only came up with an initiative to develop it, but also raised youth issues to the level of a priority direction of state policy. An Agency for Youth Affairs has been created in the country, funds have been established, measures are regularly taken to ensure youth employment.
Speaking about the youth organizations created in our country in recent years, it is worth noting the introduction of the position of the Deputy Commissioner for Human Rights of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Ombudsman) – Commissioner for the Rights of the Child. The decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On additional measures to improve the system of protecting the rights of the child”, signed on May 29, 2020, defines the main tasks and areas of activity of the Ombudsman for the Rights of the Child.
On October 15, 2020, Uzbekistan adopted the Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Today, the chambers of the Oliy Majlis are consistently working to ratify the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Currently, this law, which provides for international standards and requirements of the Convention, as well as the use of the term “person with a disability” instead of “disabled”, serves to express the rights and interests of representatives of this category. The new law is the main document establishing the rights of persons with disabilities. If we take into account that over 700 thousand people with disabilities live in Uzbekistan, including over 100 thousand children with disabilities under the age of 16, the relevance and significance of this law becomes clear.
A Parliamentary Commission on the observance of international obligations by the Republic of Uzbekistan in the field of human rights has been created, its composition and regulations have been approved. The main goal of the Parliamentary Commission is to help our country comply with international obligations and implement the National Strategy of Uzbekistan on Human Rights.
An important result was the establishment, in accordance with the presidential decree, of the badge “For the protection of human rights”. Please note: every five years on December 10, the day of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Human Rights Prize is being presented. This award was established in 1966 to honor individuals who have made an enormous contribution to the protection of human rights. Uzbekistan also established its own Human Rights Prize. Starting from 2020, on December 10 of each year, on Human Rights Day, a solemn presentation of the badge “For the Protection of Human Rights” is carried out.
All this undoubtedly testifies to the fact that thanks to the adoption of a long-term strategy in the field of human rights, the state policy in this direction is being effectively implemented in the country. This, in turn, serves to form in our society a respectful attitude towards human rights and freedoms, to further strengthen the country’s authority in the international arena, including improving the status of the Republic of Uzbekistan in economic and political and legal ratings.
Election to the UN Human Rights Council
At the elections of the UN General Assembly, held on October 13, 2020, for the first time in the history of national statehood, Uzbekistan was elected to membership of the UN Human Rights Council for a period of three years (2021-2023). 169 countries out of 193 UN member states voted for our country.
The election of Uzbekistan to the Council is a kind of expression of the high recognition of the world community, support for the implementation of the country’s new foreign policy, including in the field of further comprehensive development of cooperation with international organizations and foreign countries.
In February 2021, for the first time in history, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev took part and made a presentation at the 46th session of the UN Human Rights Council – the most authoritative intergovernmental body of the UN system, designed to ensure the protection of human rights around the world.
It should also be noted that for the first time on the global human rights platform, Uzbekistan was represented at the highest political level – in the person of the President.
Since the creation of the UN HRC in 2006, the heads of only 20 states have directly addressed the delegates to the annual sessions of the world’s main human rights body, while Uzbekistan was the first among the post-Soviet countries to use this privilege.
In connection with the coronavirus pandemic, the next meeting of the segment was held in the format of a video conference. The agenda of the meeting included the most pressing issues related to the observance of human rights and their protection, including the provision of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.
The event was attended by UN Secretary General António Guterres, High Commissioner for Human Rights Michel Bachelet, heads of state and government, foreign ministers and representatives of national human rights institutions from almost 150 countries, heads of a number of international and regional organizations.
In his speech, the President of Uzbekistan elaborated on the priority areas of activities to further deepen democratic transformations in the country and within the framework of the UN Human Rights Council.
Ensuring fundamental human rights and freedoms will continue to be central to the reform of Uzbekistan. From this point of view, the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals until 2030 will be carried out in accordance with the principle of “Leaving no one behind”.
Uzbekistan is a source of important and interesting human rights initiatives in the international arena. The President of Uzbekistan has put forward a number of important initiatives on a global, regional and national scale, which practically cover all mechanisms for ensuring the rights and legitimate interests of each person, existing problems and ways to solve them.
Uzbekistan’s new global human rights initiatives
First initiative: promoting the United Nations’ Call to Action for Human Rights Initiative.
On February 24, 2020, UN Secretary General A. Guterres announced the initiative entitled “High Aspiration: A Call to Action for Human Rights.”
The Appeal stresses the need to strengthen civil society, ensure gender balance, equal participation of women and men in political, economic and social life, as well as freedom of information.
This UN initiative is consonant with the ongoing reforms in Uzbekistan in these areas.
The second initiative: today, intellectually and spiritually developed, proactive youth are becoming a driver of sustainable progress. There are about 2 billion young people in the world. This year in Uzbekistan has been declared the Year of Supporting Youth and Strengthening the Health of the Population. Most of the challenges facing humankind, such as threats to peace and security, terrorism and extremism, racism, climate change, and the COVID-19 pandemic, should not happen without the active participation of young people.
As noted above, the initiative to adopt the International Convention on the Rights of Youth, put forward by the President of Uzbekistan from the high rostrum of the UN General Assembly, is supported by the world community.
As part of the implementation and continuation of this initiative, the head of Uzbekistan proposed:
first, the holding of the World Youth Conference on Human Rights under the auspices of the United Nations. It will allow exchanging views and developing proposals on improving existing international regional instruments and mechanisms for the protection and promotion of the rights of youth;
secondly, the establishment of the institution of the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights of youth.
The institution of the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Youth has not been created in the UN human rights structure, and the establishment of a treaty Committee on the Rights of Youth is provided for by the draft International Convention on the Rights of Youth.
Third initiative: fulfilling commitments under the UN Declaration on Human Rights Education and Training.
This UN Declaration, adopted exactly 10 years ago, covers all types of educational, vocational, educational and training activities in the field of human rights, and is also aimed at fostering a culture of human rights. The main provisions of this UN Declaration are implemented in the National Strategy of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Human Rights.
Taking into account the state and prospects for the development of cooperation between Uzbekistan and the UN in this area, the head of state outlined new initiatives that move our relationship to a qualitatively new practical level:
• Organization, jointly with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, of the Global Forum for Human Rights Education.
Uzbekistan actively participates in the UN World Human Rights Education Program. The National Action Program was adopted to implement the provisions of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Education and Training.
During the proposed Global Forum, it is planned to discuss international experience and approaches to the implementation of educational programs in the field of human rights in accordance with the UN Declaration;
• Contribution to the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Human Rights.
Similar contributions were made by Uzbekistan to the UN Fund in the framework of the 60th and 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Making a contribution to the UN budget demonstrates to the world community the commitment of Uzbekistan as a member country of the HRC to the promotion of human rights at the global level.
Fourth initiative: development of international principles on the status and activities of judicial councils.
To date, there is no international document regulating the activities of judicial councils.
Uzbekistan gives priority attention to deepening reforms in the judicial and legal sphere, as a result of which concrete measures were taken to implement international standards in the field of judicial independence and protection of the right to a fair trial. Implementation of the recommendations of the UN Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers has begun.
This initiative of the President testifies to Uzbekistan’s readiness to participate in the development of universal norms in the field of human rights and to promote effective international cooperation, as well as to raise cooperation with the UN in this area to a qualitatively new level.
In general, Uzbekistan supports the leading role of the UN in preserving and promoting international peace, cooperation and security, as well as in promoting sustainable development and ensuring human rights. All these and other initiatives of the head of Uzbekistan are permeated with this principled position of our country.
Uzbekistan’s new regional human rights initiatives
According to UN experts, three important initiatives outlined by the President of Uzbekistan in this direction deserve special attention.
First initiative: in 2021, Uzbekistan took over the chairmanship of the Dialogue of Women Leaders of Central Asia, created last year.
It should be noted that, according to the UN, the dynamics of GDP growth directly depends on the level of development of women’s entrepreneurship. In this regard, the head of our state suggested organizing a meeting of the Dialogue of Women Leaders of Central Asian Countries, as well as a business forum.
Their holding will allow the exchange of best experience and practice in the field of empowering women, creating conditions for ensuring their decent employment and business development, preventing any form of violence against women, and will also contribute to strengthening cooperation in this area at the international and regional levels.
The second initiative: the creation of a Regional Council for the Self-Realization of People with Disabilities.
The President of Uzbekistan emphasizes the importance of strengthening the social protection of the population, including through a gradual transition to a “social model” for defining disability that meets international standards. The Regional Council will allow on a regular basis to discuss and develop solutions to ensure the rights of people with disabilities, their integration into society, and the creation of favorable conditions for their self-organization.
Third initiative: Uzbekistan has consistently advocated the creation of a regional human rights mechanism in the Asian region.
In particular, on his initiative, a permanent platform was created – the Samarkand Forum on Human Rights.
However, there is no universal development model in the world that is equally suitable for all states in the same historical period. The sad experience of a number of countries clearly shows that attempts to impose “unified standards” of democratic development without taking into account specific historical, social and other aspects, as well as national and religious traditions, are counterproductive.
The creation of the proposed regional mechanism contributes to improving the provision of human rights and freedoms in the Asian region, strengthening the relevant regional and international mechanisms.
Uzbekistan’s new national human rights initiatives
First initiative: Implementation of national sustainable development goals under the 2030 Agenda in accordance with the UN principle of “Leaving no one behind”.
Uzbekistan is firmly committed to achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The priorities of the Action Strategy being implemented in Uzbekistan in 2017-2021 are fully consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals.
Fighting poverty, ensuring social, economic and cultural rights of citizens are the priorities of New Uzbekistan.
Second initiative: ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2006).
This convention is so far the only convention adopted in the 21st century. Uzbekistan signed it in 2009, which indicates its commitment to protecting the rights of persons with special needs, persons with disabilities.
This year, a new Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities came into force. Ratification of the convention contributes to raising to a qualitatively new level the measures taken in Uzbekistan in this area.
Third Initiative: Adoption of the Children’s Ombudsman Law.
This law at the legislative level will establish the main ideas, goals, primacy, the circle of persons to whom the law applies, their basic rights and obligations.
Its adoption in the current International Year of the Elimination of Child Labor will make it possible to consolidate and emphasize the inviolability and irrevocability of the principle of Uzbekistan’s commitment to protecting the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of children.
The fourth initiative: support for the appeal of UN Secretary General A. Guterres to take decisive measures to reduce the number of stateless persons.
In 2020, 50 thousand of our compatriots were granted Uzbek citizenship. In 2021, it is planned to grant citizenship to another 20 thousand people.
The policy of Uzbekistan to reduce the number of stateless persons is positively noted by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. In its reports, UNHCR cites Uzbekistan as an example for learning from its experience in this area.
Fifth Initiative: Combating Torture is a Priority Direction of Judicial and Legal Reforms in Uzbekistan.
Work has begun on the implementation of a national preventive mechanism for the prevention of torture. The closure of the specialized penal colony located in the village of Zhaslyk has become an important humane event. As a result of the measures taken, the number of convicts held in places of deprivation of liberty has decreased by almost 3 times.
Over the past short period, we have made significant progress in interacting with special procedures. The visits of 2 special rapporteurs were carried out.
As part of deepening cooperation with the UN in this area, the head of state initiated:
• ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture;
• Implementation of a visit to Uzbekistan by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture.
The sixth initiative: further development of civil society institutions, support for freedom of speech and information in Uzbekistan, deepening interaction with UN committees and commissions in the field of human rights.
In this regard, Uzbekistan made a decision on:
• continuing the preparation of codes on non-governmental non-profit organizations and mass media;
• organizing the visit to our country of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Ms. Michelle Bachelet;
• issuing a standing invitation to all mandate holders to visit Uzbekistan. Of course, joint work with them will be a good precondition for the effective implementation of reforms in Uzbekistan.
In general, the initiatives of the country’s leader testify to Uzbekistan’s readiness for broad and mutually beneficial cooperation with all countries of the world and practical dialogue with the UN, including as an active member of the Human Rights Council.
The implementation of Uzbekistan’s initiatives will create a unique model of interaction at the global and regional levels, which will become an example for the entire international community on the path to ensuring and realizing the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of each person.